What Are The Examinations Help Avoid Kidney Disease2019-05-31 10:30
Therefore, in order to protect the kidney, it is advisable to regularly do the following three examinations, which can effectively prevent kidney disease:
1. Urine routine
Routine urine examination included urine color, transparency, acidity and alkalinity, protein, erythrocyte, tubular type, etc.
Erythrocyte abnormality: If the urinary erythrocyte is greater than 10, occult blood or even hematuria may occur, which may indicate the emergence of acute glomerulonephritis, chronic nephritis, acute pyelonephritis, urinary calculi and other diseases.
Urinary protein plus sign: If it is pathological proteinuria, patients can further carry out 24-hour urinary protein quantitative examination, if more than 0.15g, may indicate the advent of acute and chronic nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and other kidney diseases. It can be checked every six months. If there is an increase in urine foam, increased nocturia, urine loss, hematuria and other abnormalities, it should be checked in time.
2. Renal function examination
Renal function tests included serum creatinine, urea nitrogen and urinary albumin.
Increased creatinine and urea nitrogen often indicate impaired renal function. If creatinine is elevated (normal creatinine values vary from place to place, refer to local hospital values), patients should be alert to kidney disease. It can be examined once in 3 to 6 months.
3. Kidney Ultrasonography
B-mode ultrasonography can show the size, shape and structure of the kidney as well as renal lesions such as hydronephrosis, renal cysts, kidney stones and so on, and accurately determine the degree of renal damage.
The above three examinations can reflect the health status of kidney more comprehensively and accurately. In order to have a good kidney, besides regular examination, we should break the bad habit of staying up late, smoking, drinking, much salt diet and so on, and really protect the kidney.
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